The Ultimate Guide To Asheville and the Western North Carolina Mountains
The Ultimate Guide to Asheville & the Western North Carolina Mountains

The Online Version of the Best-selling Regional Guidebook
 

Susanna Pantas, Artist

Historic Designations

Pen & Ink Drawings of Biltmore Estate, by Lee James Pantas

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Historic District:
Historic District refers to a district of Asheville that has been so designated by the United States Department of the Interior. These districts serve as frameworks for further discussion of the historic buildings and sites of Asheville and in some cases as self
-guided mini-tours. Some of these Historic Districts include whole neighborhoods while others are only a small cluster of buildings.

Historic Landmarks (LHL):
These are designated by the Asheville City Council or the Buncombe County Board of Commissioners. The list in the Asheville area is maintained by the Historic Resources Commission of Asheville and Buncombe County and at present contains over 35 listings. Buildings and sites that are Local Historic Landmarks will be indicated so as they are discussed later in this chapter. The designation LHL indicates the building or site is a Local Historic Landmark.

National Historic Landmarks (NHL):
National Historic Landmark are structures, buildings or sites which are of significance to all Americans. This designation is by the Secretary of the Interior and the listings are registered with the United States Department of the Interior National Park Service. In the Asheville and Hendersonville/Flat Rock area there are three National Historic Landmarks: Biltmore Estate and the Thomas Wolfe Memorial in Asheville, and the Carl Sandburg Home in Flat Rock. The designation NHL indicates the building or site is a National Historic Landmark.

National Register of Historic Places (NRHP):
The National Register is the official list of the nation’s cultural resources worthy of preservation. Authorized under the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966, the National Register is part of a national program to coordinate and support public and private efforts to identify, evaluate, and protect our historic and archeological resources. The National Register is administered by the National Park Service under the Secretary of the Interior. Properties listed in the National Register include districts, sites, buildings, properties and objects that are significant in American history, architecture, archaeology, engineering, and culture. The designation NRHP will be used to indicate properties listed in the National Register. It is interesting to note that buildings can be listed in the National Register for two reasons. They can be “individually listed,” significant unto themselves and as such warranting inclusion. Good examples are the Grove Park Inn and Biltmore Estate. Others buildings listed in the National Register can be so because they are “contributing structures” and are located in a designated National Historic District. A good example of this would be a bed & breakfast that is in such a historic district. In itself, the building has not been individually listed but because of its location and contribution to the whole, it is. I shall not attempt to differentiate between these two type of listings but simply indicate that the building or site being discussed is in the Register, and therefore definitely noteworthy from an historical perspective.

 

 

 

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